PIR Sensor

This code reads PIR sensor triggers from this simple Passive Infrared (PIR) motion sensor and sends an HTTP request for every trigger, in this case to a Domoticz installation. When motion is constantly detected, this PIR sensor keeps the pin high, in which case this code will keep sending HTTP requests every 10 seconds (configurable with the hold_time variable).

Main (main.py)

import time
from network import WLAN
from machine import Pin
from domoticz import Domoticz

d = Domoticz("", 8080 ,"")

hold_time_sec = 10

last_trigger = -10

pir = Pin('G4',mode=Pin.IN, pull=Pin.PULL_UP)

# main loop
print("Starting main loop")
while True:
    if pir() == 1:
        if time.time() - last_trigger > hold_time_sec:
            last_trigger = time.time()
            print("Presence detected, sending HTTP request")
                return_code = d.setVariable('Presence:LivingRoom','1')
                print("Request result: "+str(return_code))
            except Exception as e:
                print("Request failed")
        last_trigger = 0
        print("No presence")


print("Exited main loop")

Boot (boot.py)

For more WiFi scripts, see the WLAN step by step tutorial.

import os
import machine

uart = machine.UART(0, 115200)

known_nets = {
    'NetworkID':        {'pwd': '', 'wlan_config':  ('', '', '', '')},

from network import WLAN
wl = WLAN()

if machine.reset_cause() != machine.SOFT_RESET:

    original_ssid = wl.ssid()
    original_auth = wl.auth()

    print("Scanning for known wifi nets")
    available_nets = wl.scan()
    nets = frozenset([e.ssid for e in available_nets])

    known_nets_names = frozenset([key for key in known_nets])
    net_to_use = list(nets & known_nets_names)
        net_to_use = net_to_use[0]
        net_properties = known_nets[net_to_use]
        pwd = net_properties['pwd']
        sec = [e.sec for e in available_nets if e.ssid == net_to_use][0]
        if 'wlan_config' in net_properties:
        wl.connect(net_to_use, (sec, pwd), timeout=10000)
        while not wl.isconnected():
            machine.idle() # save power while waiting
        print("Connected to "+net_to_use+" with IP address:" + wl.ifconfig()[0])

    except Exception as e:
        print("Failed to connect to any known network, going into AP mode")
        wl.init(mode=WLAN.AP, ssid=original_ssid, auth=original_auth, channel=6, antenna=WLAN.INT_ANT)

Domoticz Wrapper (domoticz.py)

import socket
class Domoticz:

    def __init__(self, ip, port,  basic):
        self.basic = basic
        self.ip = ip
        self.port = port

    def setLight(self, idx, command):
        return self.sendRequest("type=command¶m=switchlight&idx="+idx+"&switchcmd="+command)

    def setVariable(self, name, value):
        return self.sendRequest("type=command¶m=updateuservariable&vtype=0&vname="+name+"&vvalue="+value)

    def sendRequest(self, path):
            s = socket.socket()
            s.send(b"GET /json.htm?"+path+" HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: pycom.io\r\nAuthorization: Basic "+self.basic+"\r\n\r\n")
            status = str(s.readline(), 'utf8')
            code = status.split(" ")[1]
            return code

        except Exception:
            print("HTTP request failed")
            return 0